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Usar un espacio de direcciones IP /31 para el emparejamiento con proveedores de servicios en la nube

¿Puedo utilizar una dirección de máscara de subred de 31 bits para establecer una sesión de emparejamiento de BGP con un proveedor de servicios en la nube?

La respuesta depende de dos factores:

  • Si su dispositivo local admite una configuración con una máscara de subred de 31 bits.

  • Si el proveedor de servicios en la nube admite una configuración con una máscara de subred de 31 bits.

Soporte de dispositivos locales

El sistema operativo más común de los dispositivos de red admite el uso de una máscara de subred de 31 bits, aunque algunas versiones más antiguas muestran una advertencia, como:

```% Warning: use /31 mask on non point-to-point interface cautiously```

Cloud Service Provider support

The majority of Cloud Service Providers support the use of a 31-bit subnet mask, including AWS, Oracle, Alibaba, and IBM. Here are details provided by each CSP:

Background

In December 2000, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) released RFC 3021 for using 31-bit prefixes on IPv4 point-to-point links. The RFC investigates changes to the standards to preserve IP address space and reducing the amount of IP addresses assigned to point-to-point links by allowing the use of 31-bit subnet masks.

At that time, the current practice used a 30-bit subnet mask, which required four addresses per point-to-point link: one network address, two hosts addresses, and one broadcast address.

In a point-to-point link, where there can be only two possible identifying hosts and where any packet which is transmitted by one end of the link is always received by the other, using a mask defining four addresses could be seen as a waste in certain situations. This is why the RFC 3021 was developed. Using a 31-bit subnet mask, there are only two possible addresses: a network address and a broadcast address, but in a point-to-point link, these two must be interpreted as host addresses.

And currently, when a company creates a connection to a Cloud Service Provider, the standard practice uses a 30-bit subnet mask to set up BGP peering with the provider. So, with the IP shortage still a current issue, and with many organizations not having enough IP address space, organizations want to use a 31-bit subnet mask address for establishing a BGP peering session with a Cloud Service Provider.


Última actualización: 2022-10-12